Proposed Metro Stops: Connecting Santa Fe to Mexico City

With a metropolitan population of 21 million and counting, you can imagine that Mexico City generated a lot of trash in the 20th century. To deal with disposal of this waste, in the 1960’s Mexico created landfills in at capacity sand mines to the southeast of the city. When these former mines reached capacity again 30 years later, this time refilled with trash, the city found a new use for the site. President Salinas de Gortari (1988–1994), began construction of Santa Fe, designed as a peripheral city built atop the landfills of Mexico City. Today, Santa Fe is the financial and advanced technology district of Mexico City, with a limited population of high economic status.

The exclusivity of Santa Fe is exacerbated by the design of the city, which is highly vehicle oriented. As it was intended as a small adjunct to the capital, transportation to this area is limited to a few entering and bypassing highways. Informal public transportation characteristic of Mexico City, does enter this region, such as collective vans and small buses. However, these modes of transportation are often unsafe, unpredictable and highly detrimental to the environment as the overworked vehicles do not undergo emissions testing. Surely with the impressive tax revenue generated by the financial and high technology industries, Santa Fe can afford to invest in public transportation infrastructure to serve a wider public.

The business generated in Santa Fe extends into all sectors of the economy. Jobs are generated by these industries that attract a broad population from surrounding neighborhoods and even as far reaching as the neighboring city of Toluca, on a daily basis. However, these individuals do not have a   secure and efficient means by which to access the opportunities available in Santa Fe. In order to benefit a broader public and to ensure to sustained growth and success of Santa Fe, this region must become more greatly accessible to the public.

The following map displays five locations that I would recommend for the initial expansion of the Mexico City Metro to most effectively meet transportation needs. Those sites are Paseo de la Reforma, Downtown Santa Fe, Bosques de Laureles, Lomas de San Pedro and Parque Tarango. In the map, a brief explanation accompanies each of these sites.

The full version of this map is available here.

Website Assignment 1

Note: Move the map left to get the last marker.

My bus stop proposals were guided mainly by my own self-interest: mainly to increase rider visibility in the Mid-City area and make some of my bus rides a little more interesting.

I added stops along the 720 near where I live because the distance is so far between stops. I think breaking it up will highlight how far the existing stops are (I’m always surprised on how long it takes to get to Fairfax from La Cienega). Similarly I wanted to break up the Fairfax line (that goes to Hollywood Blvd). While it’s great that you can get pretty far in a relatively short amount of time due to the lack of stops, people want to ride it, so another option wouldn’t hurt.

I added stops near 3rd and 6th street destinations, because people taking transit don’t necessarily want/need to walk a ton, and these blocks are long. So I wanted to add more options for places people want to go and increase the visibility of people riding the bus, particularly near the Park La Brea area.


Week 1 Site Review: National Geographic Education Beta

National Geographic

Maps: Tools for Adventure

Within their Education Beta website, the National Geographic hosts a section titled ”Maps: Tools for Adventure”. Specifically, this site aims to teach children about endangered animals by displaying layers of different information, such as migration patterns and populations, on a single map. The map is highly interactive and easy to navigate, even for children. Viewers begin by selecting an animal, such as the Bald Eagle. An eagle’s cry takes them to a map of the specie’s native region of the world. They can then select from different categories to see trends manifested on the map accompanied by facts. There is also a solutions section posing thought-provoking questions and pop-ups of well-balanced answers that are simple to understand. Albeit simple, overall I think the website is highly effective. The information contained is all visible from the main page of each map, so that the viewer is drawn towards each link. The links serve as pop ups so that the viewer is not navigated away from the webpage and their attention is kept with short and direct information snippets. The legend serves as a color-coded list of basic facts, which itself is a series of links. Due to the ease of operability of the interface, the simple maps included on this site are effective at educating viewers and holding their interest. The National Geographic hosts many other maps of this kind, including many more complex resources, on their Education Beta website under the “mapping” tab.

However, there is room for improvement. If a viewer wants to select a new animal or region of the world, they must click “Start Over” to return to the homepage. Some of the layers are difficult to read when selected together, which could be corrected simply through styling, such as reducing the density of the top layer. In regards to style, the north arrow and scale bar move between each map, distracting the viewer from the content. Finally, the website is limited to only five animals and does not link to additional sources of information.

Week 1 Website Assignment Metro Stops

I propose my metro stops in Santa Monica, Marina Del Rey, Playa Vista, LAX, and Nash-Mariposa Green Line Stop.  There is a need for a fast transport down Lincoln Blvd and these stops would directly connect Santa Monica to the South Bay, through the Green Line, while managing to avoid the 405.

Although buses routes do exist along Lincoln Blvd, a metro would provide faster service to more people thereby creating greater access to a variety of locations.

1)      Santa Monica Stop: The metro stop on Lincoln and Pico will allow people getting off the future expo line in Santa Monica (4th and Colorado) to hop on a short bus ride, or walk over to this stop and it would then allow them to connect to the green line, or any stop going south.  It is also a good location because of the high school located on the corner.  It would give high school students a faster way to get to school if they lived anywhere south of Pico.

2)      Marina Del Rey Stop: The metro stop on Lincoln and Washington would allow people access to abundance of bars and restaurants on Washington, west of Lincoln. It would also be an easy bike ride or walk from that stop for many people living in the Marina Del Rey area.  That is also a busy intersection with many bus stops.  Having a stop at that intersection would also economically benefit the many stores and restaurants within a five minute walk of the potential spot.

3)      Playa Vista Stop: The Playa Vista stop would greatly increase access to and from the newly built Playa Vista community.  It would bring more residents to the community who are looking for alternate modes of travel. It would also be a great place for people heading to and from the airport to be dropped off and picked up because it would eliminate any of the airport hassle, but still be close enough to for a quick ride in, on the metro

4)      LAX Stop: This stop is a necessity and would allow fast travel to and from the airport to the Westside north of it.  Although buses currently exist that connect the Westside to the airport, with the expo line transferring to this metro, a stop at LAX would essentially connect all of the City of Los Angeles to the airport.  A metro that goes straight to the airport would lower the number of vehicle trips made to drop of and pick people up at the airport, which would in turn, ease traffic.

5)      Green Line Stop: A stop at the Nash-Mariposa green line station would connect Santa Monica, as well as other areas on the Westside with the South Bay.  It would also allow a direct shot from that green line station into the airport.  Since the green line doesn’t connect to the airport, because the connection was never finished, this would offer a fast way for people south of the airport to reach it.  There is also many connections to the metro buses at this stop.

Having a metro with these five metro stops with greatly increases access to and from the Westside.  It would link Santa Monica directly to the Los Angeles airport, as well as connect a few of the coastal communities, in hopes of decreasing the number of vehicle miles driven and trips taken.


Week1: Website Review #2

World Food Programme (WFP) created an interactive hunger map “to provide an insight into the distribution and nature of WFP food procurement activities” ( You can access to the website from The interface is simple and easy to navigate. The information provided by this map is small, but since it has a very specific purpose unlike the UNDP’s Human Development Report map (check my previous blog post), it works. However, since the system does not work on a same map frame (by zooming in and out) but takes users to different pages when selecting particular region or country, users have less control on the data shown on the map. Thus, from the perspective of “interactive map”, it is not the best product.

The top page of the interactive map looks like below.

The map on the index page already gives information about countries’ economic status. This is because as the statement in the bottom of the page tells, the main purpose of the map is to show that WFP purchases foods from developing countries to tell that it is not only giving, but also nurturing the agriculture sector in developing countries by purchasing foods from them.

The index page also tells users what to do after they digest the first information under the title (“Click on a content for additional information”). So I clicked “Map Guide” on the menu bar to first familiarize myself with the map system.

A text box pops up over the map. Here it states the purpose of the map, the mission of food procurement, and how WFP’s food procurement programme helps developing countries. To provide more background information, it also uses tables and graphs as below.

It also provides an overall trend of where the foods came from by overlaying the information on the map.

Since Africa provides the largest amount of food, I decided to check the breakdown by country by clicking “Africa” on the menu bar on the left hand side. This action did not make the map to zoom into the region, but took me to a different page with a detailed map of Africa. The legend tells what the data communicates to the people. It shows the amount of foods WFP purchased from each country in US$. The data table on the left gives the breakdown of the commodities purchased from Africa.

Again, the map tells the user clearly on what to do next at a place where users most likely pay attention to (above the map). So I clicked on Kenya. This action again did not zoom into the map, but took me to a different page. The new page does not provide information in the map, but in the table, which was a little disappointing.

In sum, the interface was very easy to navigate through. It does not only keep the design simple, but also clearly indicates users what to do after each step. However, by doing so, it also took away users’ freedom to customize the data. Users get the data, but only in the format WFP wants to. If I can suggest any modification, I would suggest them to at least allow users to compare the trend in procurement over time like Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) hunger map does (users can choose the time period by clicking on the menu bar at the bottom of the page).

Still I like WFP’s map because it kept the purpose of the map very simple. From the one theme (where did the foods come from?), users can view the world from different aspects. In my project, I also would like to keep my issue to one or two so that users would not be lost.

Week 1: Website Assignment

5 Nodes representing 5 new stops for the Metro Rail line. These 5 nodes (light red) run East to West along Wilshire, from Wilshire/Highland to Wilshire/Lincoln, ostensibly representing the Metro Rail’s expansion from Downtown to the Sea, which, in reality, would certainly be useful. If you mouse over these 5 nodes, it should say “New Metro Rail Stop,” allowing you to tell the difference between my nodes and that of the KML layer of all existing Metro stops.

Bassignana Week 1 Web Assignment

The Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority was responsible for 217.1 million metro rides last year ( A large number of DC area residents rely on the metro for their daily commuting needs. Despite the metro’s wide-reaching service areas, there are still parts of the city that have poor, to no metro access. This map features 5 possible new metro stops in areas that are currently underserved in terms of transit access; Georgetown, H St. corridor, Adams Morgan, the Jefferson Memorial area, and Logan Circle.

Week 1 Bus Stop Locations

I selected new bus stop locations in my community in order to provide access to schools and parks.  The newly added bus stop locations would be additions to 3 existing (hypothetical) routes which would help to improve access to the aforementioned land uses.  These bus lines are color coded as red (Barrington line), green (Palms line), and blue (Overland line).  In addition to providing access to schools and parks, the bus locations were also chosen in relatively lower income areas.

Barrington #1- This location was selected to because it is conveniently located next to both University High School and many apartments.  It would greatly benefit the community to add a bus stop to provide access to other people living along Barrington Ave.

Barrington #2- This bus stop would provide access to Stoner Recreation Park, one of the few parks located within the region.  In addition, the nearby residents in both apartments and homes could use the extra bus stop to provide access to major bus lines along the Santa Monica Blvd. or Wilshire Blvd. corridors.

Palms #1- This bus stop is located right next to Mar Vista Recreation Center.  The center hosts various events throughout the year success as Easter egg hunts, summer movie nights, etc. which are great resources for the community if they are able to easily access the recreation center.  Also, adjacent to the recreation center is Windward School.  This bus line would also help students get to school.  The surrounding community to the northwest is primarily filled with older single-family homes and possibly an older population , so this new line would also help those people get around.

Overland #1/2- Overland Ave. is a major north-south road between Westwood Village and Culver City.  New added bus lines will help to boost the connectivity between the communities.  Since Overland is a fairly busy street, the bus stop locations I chose were at stoplight intersections with cross-walk striping.  This is important as to provide safe and easy access to people on both sides of the street.  These bus stops were chosen in close proximity to one another because of the high density residential apartments in the region.  Palms Middle School is also located close to both bus stops, so students would have easy access.

Week 1: Proposed Bus Stops on Venice Boulevard

UCLA has four sites of off-campus graduate housing. Among them University Village and Rose Avenue Apartments are located on Sepulveda/Sawtelle Boulevard, and Venice/Barry  Apartments and Mentone/Keystone Apartments are located on Venice Boulevard. Culver City Bus #6 and Big Blue Bus #12 both have stops close to the former two complexes, so it is convenient for students to take bus for commute. Based on this fact, UCLA doesn’t offer camps shuttles for those two complexes. On the other side, there are no direct bus routes for student living in Venice/Barry or Mentone/Keystone to commute to UCLA. So the  school do offer shuttles for them. However, the shuttles only operate during limited time on weekdays. Moreover, the shuttles leave every one hour and are not as flexible as buses compared to their usually 15-minute interval. Therefore, I have proposed new bus stops on Venice Boulevard to make public transit more accessible to students who live in Venice/Barry and Mentone/Keystone apartments.

The first and the fifth of my proposed bus stops (from left to right on the map) show the locations of the two university graduate apartments. For each complex there are more than 200 residents, so the need of public transit is estimated at a high level at these two spots. The relatively low proportion of car ownership among students further justifies the above point.

Along Venice Boulevard and between the two proposed bus stops, I think two intersections are important: Venice/Sawtelle, and Venice/Sepulveda. Sawtelle and Sepulveda are two main local roads. Both of the intersections bear strip malls where several restaurants and retail stores are located. Therefore I think it is reasonable to propose bus stops at each intersection. Moreover, people can also change to Culver City Bus #6 and Metro 733 at Venice/Sepulveda.

The last proposed bus stop is at Venice Boulevard and Veteran Avenue. This is one of the retail centers in the neighborhood. There is a supermarket and several other retail stores near this spot. Although it is walking distance from Mentone/Keystone Apartments, students living in Venice/Barry can really take advantage of the proposed bus route to go shopping here.

Judging from the distances between stops, it is also reasonable to insert extra stops between Venice/Barry and Venice/Sawtelle, as well as between Venice/Veteran and Mentone/Keystone. This can be decided in further discussion.


Wk 1: Website Assignment

*for creating an infowindow function and combining it with the CreateMarker function, I used code found on this website:

I proposed my 5 metro stops over the communities/cities of Culver City, Palms, Mar Vista and Santa Monica. This area was chosen so as to connect and expand the existing network largely in downtown Los Angeles into parts of west Los Angeles.

The proposed stops were placed in areas of concentrated pedestrian traffic in order to make use of existing infrastructure and services in addition to assisting in the metro stop’s longevity.

Stop #1: Venice Blvd. & Overland Ave. This first stop takes advantage of several bus lines and a host of goods & services available to the metro users. Having easy access to transportation infrastructure and a variety of goods & services make this a convenient stop.

Stop #2: Venice Blvd. & Centinela Ave. The second proposed stop is similar to the proposed Venice/Overland stop, in that there are several available connecting bus lines as well as a variety of goods & services, many of which are ethnically unique. This metro stop could serve as an introduction to different cultures in Los Angeles.

Stop #3: Venice Blvd. & Pacific Ave. This third stop takes advantage of the beach as a favored local and tourist destination in southern California. With bars, restaurants and hotels concentrated along the coast, this metro stop would help bring in economic revenue from visitors.

Stop #4: Pico Ave. & 20th St. This fourth stop is located near Santa Monica College and Virginia Ave. Park. This metro stop would make commuting easier for students, professors and staff and perhaps also increase the amount of physical activity for people.

Stop #5: National Ave. & S. Bundy Dr. The last proposed stop is in front of Santa Monica Municipal Airport. Having this stop here provides another option for getting to the airport. This may incentivize using the Santa Monica Airport as a local hub to LAX for further regional, national and international travel. Increasing patronage at Santa Monica Airport could also help decrease the congestion at LAX.